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Code of Ethics

1.Duty to the Public

1.The InterNACHI member shall abide by the Code of Ethics and substantially follow the InterNACHI Standards of Practice.

2.The InterNACHI member shall not engage in any practices that could be damaging to the public or bring discredit to the home inspection industry.

3.The InterNACHI member shall be fair, honest, impartial, and act in good faith in dealing with the public.

4.The InterNACHI member shall not discriminate in any business activities on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, familial status, sexual orientation, or handicap and shall comply with all federal, state and local laws concerning discrimination.

5.The InterNACHI member shall be truthful regarding his/her services & qualifications.

6.The InterNACHI member shall have no undisclosed conflict of interest with the client, nor shall the InterNACHI member accept or offer any undisclosed commissions, rebates, profits or other benefit, nor shall the InterNACHI member accept or offer any disclosed or undisclosed commissions, rebates, profits or other benefit from from real estate agents, brokers or any third parties having financial interest in the sale of the property nor shall the InterNACHI member offer or provide any disclosed or undisclosed financial compensation directly or indirectly to any real estate agent, real estate broker or real estate company for referrals or for inclusion on lists of preferred and/or affiliated inspectors or inspection companies.

7.The InterNACHI member shall not communicate any information about an inspection to anyone except the client without the prior written consent of the client, except where it may affect the safety of others or violates a law or statute.

8.The InterNACHI member shall always act in the interest of the client, unless doing so violates a law, statute or this Code of Ethics.

9.The InterNACHI member shall use a written contract that specifies the services to be performed, limitations of services and fees.

10.The InterNACHI member shall comply with all government rules and licensing requirements of the jurisdiction where he/she conducts business.

11.The InterNACHI member shall not perform or offer to perform, for an additional fee, any repairs or associated services to structure on which the member or member's company has prepared a home inspection report, for a period of 12 months. This provision shall not include services to components and/or systems which are not included in the InterNACHI standards of practice. 

2.Duty to Continue Education

1.The InterNACHI member shall comply with InterNACHI's current Continuing Education Requirements.

2.The InterNACHI member shall pass the InterNACHI's Online Inspector Exam once every calendar year.

3.Duty to the Profession and InterNACHI

1.The InterNACHI member shall strive to improve the Home Inspection Industry by sharing his/her lessons and/or experiences for the benefit of all. This does not preclude the member from copyrighting or marketing his/her expertise to other Inspectors or the public in any manner permitted by law.

2.The InterNACHI member shall assist the InterNACHI leadership in disseminating and publicizing the benefits of InterNACHI membership.

3.The InterNACHI member shall not engage in any act or practice that could be deemed damaging, seditious or destructive to InterNACHI, fellow InterNACHI members, InterNACHI employees, leadership or directors.  Member(s) accused of acting or deemed in violation of such rules shall be reviewed by the Ethics committee for possible sanctions and/or expulsion from InterNACHI.

4.The InterNACHI member shall abide by InterNACHI's current membership requirements.

5.The InterNACHI member shall abide by InterNACHI's current message board rules.



1.1. A Home Inspection is a non-invasive visual examination of a residential dwelling, performed for a fee, which is designed to identify observed material defects within specific components of said dwelling.  Components may include any combination of mechanical, structural, electrical, plumbing, or other essential systems or portions of the home, as identified and agreed to by the Client and Inspector, prior to the inspection process.

I. A Home Inspection is intended to assist in evaluation of the overall condition of the dwelling. The inspection is based on observation of the visible and apparent condition of the structure and its components on the date of the inspection and not the prediction of future conditions.

II. A home inspection will not reveal every concern that exists or ever could exist, but only those material defects observed on the day of the inspection.

1.2. A Material Defect is a condition of a residential real property or any portion of it that would have a significant adverse impact on the value of the real property or that involves an unreasonable risk to people on the property. The fact that a structural element, system or subsystem is near, at or beyond the end of the normal useful life of such a structural element, system or subsystem is not by itself a material defect.

1.3. An Inspection report shall describe and identify in written format the inspected systems, structures, and components of the dwelling and shall identify material defects observed. Inspection reports may contain recommendations regarding conditions reported or recommendations for correction, monitoring or further evaluation by professionals, but this is not required.




2.1. Roof
I. The inspector shall inspect from ground level or eaves:

A. The roof covering.
B. The gutters.
C. The downspouts.
D. The vents, flashings, skylights, chimney and other roof penetrations.
E. The general structure of the roof from the readily accessible panels, doors or stairs.

II. The inspector is not required to:

A. Walk on any pitched roof surface.

B. Predict the service life expectancy.

C. Inspect underground downspout diverter drainage pipes.

D. Remove snow, ice, debris or other conditions that prohibit the observation of the roof surfaces.

E. Move insulation.

F. Inspect antennae, lightning arresters, de-icing equipment, or similar attachments.

G. Walk on any roof areas that appear, in the opinion of the inspector, to be unsafe.

H. Walk on any roof areas if it might, in the opinion of the inspector, cause damage. 

I. Perform a water test.

J. Warrant or certify the roof.


2.2. Exterior

I. The inspector shall inspect:

A. The siding, flashing and trim.

B. All exterior doors, decks, stoops, steps, stairs, porches, railings, eaves, soffits and fascias.

C. And report as in need of repair any spacings between intermediate balusters, spindles, or rails for steps, stairways, balconies, and railings that permit the passage of an object greater than four inches in diameter.

D. A representative number of windows.

E. The vegetation, surface drainage and retaining walls when these are likely to adversely affect the structure.

F. And describe the exterior wall covering.

II. The inspector is not required to:

A. Inspect or operate screens, storm windows, shutters, awnings, fences, outbuildings, or exterior accent lighting.
B. Inspect items, including window and door flashings, which are not visible or readily accessible from the ground.
C. Inspect geological, geotechnical, hydrological and/or soil conditions.
D. Inspect recreational facilities.
E. Inspect seawalls, break-walls and docks.
F. Inspect erosion control and earth stabilization measures.
G. Inspect for safety type glass.
H. Inspect underground utilities.
I. Inspect underground items.
J. Inspect wells or springs.
K. Inspect solar systems.
L. Inspect swimming pools or spas.
M. Inspect septic systems or cesspools.
N. Inspect playground equipment.
O. Inspect sprinkler systems.
P. Inspect drain fields or drywells.
Q. Determine the integrity of the thermal window seals or damaged glass.

2.3. Basement, Foundation & Crawlspace
I. The inspector shall inspect:

A. The basement.

B. The foundation

C. The crawlspace.

D. The visible structural components.

E. And report on the location of under-floor access openings.

F. And report any present conditions or clear indications of active water penetration observed by the inspector. 

G. For wood in contact or near soil.

H. And report any general indications of foundation movement that are observed by the inspector, such as but not limited to sheetrock cracks, brick cracks, out-of-square door frames or floor slopes.

I. And report on any cutting, notching and boring of framing members which may present a structural or safety concern.

II. The inspector is not required to:

A. Enter any crawlspaces that are not readily accessible or where entry could cause damage or pose a hazard to the inspector.

B. Move stored items or debris.

C. Operate sump pumps with inaccessible floats.

D. Identify size, spacing, span, location or determine adequacy of foundation bolting, bracing, joists, joist spans or support systems.

E. Provide any engineering or architectural service.

F. Report on the adequacy of any structural system or component.


2.4. Heating

I. The inspector shall inspect:

A. The heating systems using normal operating controls and describe the energy source and heating method.
B. And report as in need of repair heating systems which do not operate.
C. And report if the heating systems are deemed inaccessible

II. The inspector is not required to:

A. Inspect or evaluate interiors of flues or chimneys, fire chambers, heat exchangers, humidifiers, dehumidifiers, electronic air filters, solar heating systems or fuel tanks.

B. Inspect underground fuel tanks.

C. Determine the uniformity, temperature, flow, balance, distribution, size, capacity, BTU, or supply adequacy of the heating system.

D. Light or ignite pilot flames.

E. Activate heating, heat pump systems, or other heating systems when ambient temperatures or when other circumstances are not conducive to safe operation or may damage the equipment.

F. Override electronic thermostats.

G. Evaluate fuel quality.

H. Verify thermostat calibration, heat anticipation or automatic setbacks, timers, programs or clocks.


2.5. Cooling
I. The inspector shall inspect:

A. The central cooling equipment using normal operating controls.

II. The inspector is not required to:

A. Determine the uniformity, temperature, flow, balance, distribution, size, capacity, BTU, or supply adequacy of the cooling system.
B. Inspect window units, through-wall units, or electronic air filters.
C. Operate equipment or systems if exterior temperature is below 60 degrees Fahrenheit or when other circumstances are not conducive to safe operation or may damage the equipment.
D. Inspect or determine thermostat calibration, heat anticipation or automatic setbacks or clocks.
E. Examine electrical current, coolant fluids or gases, or coolant leakage.

2.6. Plumbing
I. The inspector shall:

A. Verify the presence of and identify the location of the main water shutoff valve.

B. Inspect the water heating equipment, including combustion air, venting, connections, energy sources, seismic bracing, and verify the presence or absence of temperature-pressure relief valves and/or Watts 210 valves.

C. Flush toilets.

D. Run water in sinks, tubs, and showers.

E. Inspect the interior water supply including all fixtures and faucets.

F. Inspect the drain, waste and vent systems, including all fixtures.

G. Describe any visible fuel storage systems.

H. Inspect the drainage sump pumps and test pumps with accessible floats.

I. Inspect and describe the water supply, drain, waste and main fuel shut-off valves, as well as the location of the water main and main fuel shut-off valves.

J. Inspect and determine if the water supply is public or private.

K. Inspect and report as in need of repair deficiencies in the water supply by viewing the functional flow in two fixtures operated simultaneously.

L. Inspect and report as in need of repair deficiencies in installation and identification of hot and cold faucets.

M. Inspect and report as in need of repair mechanical drain-stops that are missing or do not operate if installed in sinks, lavatories and tubs.

N. Inspect and report as in need of repair commodes that have cracks in the ceramic material, are improperly mounted on the floor, leak, or have tank components which do not operate.

II. The inspector is not required to:

A. Light or ignite pilot flames.

B. Determine the size, temperature, age, life expectancy or adequacy of the water heater.

C. Inspect interiors of flues or chimneys, water softening or filtering systems, well pumps or tanks, safety or shut-of valves, floor drains, lawn sprinkler systems or fire sprinkler systems.

D. Determine the exact flow rate, volume, pressure, temperature, or adequacy of the water supply.

E. Determine the water quality or potability or the reliability of the water supply or source.

F. Open sealed plumbing access panels.

G. Inspect clothes washing machines or their connections.

H. Operate any main, branch or fixture valve.

I. Test shower pans, tub and shower surrounds or enclosures for leakage.

J. Evaluate the compliance with local or state conservation or energy standards, or the proper design or sizing of any water, waste or venting components, fixtures or piping.

K. Determine the effectiveness of anti-siphon, back-flow prevention or drain-stop devices.

L. Determine whether there are sufficient clean-outs for effective cleaning of drains.

M. Evaluate gas, liquid propane or oil storage tanks.

N. Inspect any private sewage waste disposal system or component of.

O. Inspect water treatment systems or water filters.

P. Inspect water storage tanks, pressure pumps or bladder tanks.

Q. Evaluate wait time to obtain hot water at fixtures, or perform testing of any kind to water heater elements.

R. Evaluate or determine the adequacy of combustion air.

S. Test, operate, open or close safety controls, manual stop valves and/or temperature or pressure relief valves.

T. Examine ancillary systems or components, such as, but not limited to, those relating to solar water heating, hot water circulation.

U. Determine the existence or condition of polybutylene plumbing.


2.7. Electrical
I. The inspector shall inspect:

A. The service drop/lateral.

B. The meter socket enclosures.

C. The means for disconnecting the service main.

D. And determine the rating of the service amperage.

E. Panelboards and overcurrent devices (breakers and fuses).

F. And report on any unused circuit breaker panel openings that are not filled.

G. The service grounding and bonding.

H. A representative number of switches, receptacles, lighting fixtures, AFCI receptacles.

I. And test all Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) receptacles and GFCI circuit breakers observed and deemed to be GFCI's during the inspection using a GFCI tester.

J. And report the presence of solid conductor aluminum branch circuit wiring if readily visible.

K. And report on any tested GFCI-tested receptacles in which power was not present, polarity is incorrect, is not secured to the wall, the cover is not in place, the ground fault circuit interrupter devices are not properly installed or do not operate properly, evidence of arcing or excessive heat is present, or where the receptacle is not grounded or is not secured to the wall. 

L. The service entrance conductors and the condition of the conductor insulation.

M. And describe the amperage rating of the service.

N. And report the absence of smoke detectors.

O. Service entrance cables and report as in need of repair deficiencies in the integrity of the insulation, drip loop, or separation of conductors at weatherheads and clearances from grade or rooftops.

II. The inspector is not required to:

A. Insert any tool, probe or device into the main panelboard, sub-panels, distribution panelboards, or electrical fixtures.

B. Operate electrical systems that are shut down.

C. Remove panelboard cabinet covers or dead front covers if they are not readily accessible.

D. Operate overcurrent protection devices.

E. Operate non-accessible smoke detectors.

F. Measure or determine the amperage or voltage of the main service equipment if not visibly labeled. G. Inspect the fire or alarm system and components.

H. Inspect the ancillary wiring or remote control devices.

I. Activate any electrical systems or branch circuits which are not energized.

J. Operate or reset overload devices.

K. Inspect low voltage systems, electrical de-icing tapes, swimming pool wiring or any time-controlled devices.

L. Verify the service ground.

M. Inspect private or emergency electrical supply sources, including but not limited to generators, windmills, photovoltaic solar collectors, or battery or electrical storage facility.

N. Inspect spark or lightning arrestors.

O. Inspect or test de-icing equipment.

P. Conduct voltage drop calculations.

Q. Determine the accuracy of labeling.


2.8. Fireplace
I. The inspector shall inspect:

A. The fireplace, and open and close the damper door if readily accessible and operable.
B. Hearth extensions and other permanently installed components.
C. And report as in need of repair deficiencies in the lintel, hearth and material surrounding the fireplace, including clearance from combustible materials

II. The inspector is not required to:

A. Inspect the flue or vent system.

B. Inspect the interior of chimneys or flues, fire doors or screens, seals or gaskets, or mantels.

C. Determine the need for a chimney sweep.

D. Operate gas fireplace inserts.

E. Light pilot flames.

F. Determine the appropriateness of any installation.

G. Inspect automatic fuel feed devices.

H. Inspect combustion and/or make-up air devices.

I. Inspect heat distribution assists whether gravity controlled or fan assisted.

J. Ignite or extinguish fires.

K. Determine draft characteristics.

L. Move fireplace inserts, stoves, or firebox contents.

M. Determine adequacy of draft, perform a smoke test or dismantle or remove any component.

N. Perform a National Fire Prevention Association (NFPA) style inspection.


2.9. Attic, Ventilation & Insulation
I. The inspector shall inspect:

A. The insulation in unfinished spaces.
B. The ventilation of attic spaces.
C. Mechanical ventilation systems.
D. And report on the general absence or lack of insulation.

II. The inspector is not required to:

A. Enter the attic or any unfinished spaces that are not readily accessible or where entry could cause damage or pose a safety hazard to the inspector in his or her opinion.

B. To move, touch, or disturb insulation.

C. To move, touch or disturb vapor retarders.

D. Break or otherwise damage the surface finish or weather seal on or around access panels and covers.

E. Identify the composition or exact R-value of insulation material.

F. Activate thermostatically operated fans.

G. Determine the types of materials used in insulation or wrapping of pipes, ducts, jackets, boilers, and wiring.

H. Determine the adequacy of ventilation.


2.10. Doors, Windows & Interior
I. The inspector shall:

A. Open and close a representative number of doors and windows.

B. Inspect the walls, ceilings, steps, stairways, and railings.

C. And report as in need of repair any spacing between intermediate balusters, spindles, or rails for steps, stairways, and railings that permits the passage of an object greater than four inches in diameter.

D. Inspect garage doors and garage door openers by operating first by remote (if available) and then by the installed automatic door control.

E. And report as in need of repair any installed electronic sensors that are not operable or not installed at proper heights above the garage door.

F. And report as in need of repair any door locks or side ropes that have not been removed or disabled when garage door opener is in use.

G. And report as in need of repair any windows that are obviously fogged or display other evidence of broken seals.

II. The inspector is not required to:

A. Inspect paint, wallpaper, window treatments or finish treatments.
B. Inspect central vacuum systems.
C. Inspect safety glazing.
D. Inspect security systems or components.
E. Evaluate the fastening of countertops, cabinets, sink tops and fixtures, or firewall compromises.
F. Move furniture, stored items, or any coverings like carpets or rugs in order to inspect the concealed floor structure.
G. Move drop ceiling tiles.
H. Inspect or move any household appliances..
I. Inspect or operate equipment housed in the garage except as otherwise noted.
J. Verify or certify safe operation of any auto reverse or related safety function of a garage door.
K. Operate or evaluate any security bar release and opening mechanisms, whether interior or exterior, including their compliance with local, state, or federal standards.
L. Operate any system, appliance or component that requires the use of special keys, codes, combinations, or devices.
M. Operate or evaluate self-cleaning oven cycles, tilt guards/latches or signal lights.
N. Inspect microwave ovens or test leakage from microwave ovens.
O. Operate or examine any sauna, steam-jenny, kiln, toaster, ice-maker, coffee-maker, can-opener, bread-warmer, blender, instant hot water dispenser, or other small, ancillary devices.
P. Inspect elevators.
Q. Inspect remote controls.
R. Inspect appliances.
S. Inspect items not permanently installed.
T. Examine or operate any above-ground, movable, freestanding, or otherwise non-permanently installed pool/spa, recreational equipment or self-contained equipment.
U. Come into contact with any pool or spa water in order to determine the system structure or components.
V. Determine the adequacy of spa jet water force or bubble effect.
W. Determine the structural integrity or leakage of a pool or spa.

Inspected Once. Inspected Right.

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